|Volume 18 Number 3||www.ntskeptics.org||March 2004|
All right, our prize is not $1 million like Randi’s, but it is what we can afford. Five underwriters, most of whom are actually NTS members, provide the financial backing, so no NTS funds are at stake.
We’ve had this up for over ten years, but early on the economy must have been in great shape, because we received practically no response to our offer. Times have changed, and so, apparently has the economy. Last year we received two very serious contenders for the prize, as we reported in previous issues of the newsletter.
Jagdish Maheshri had, we thought, an excellent approach for testing his theory about astrology, and we jumped on his suggestion to set up a test. Alas, his test, though scientifically valid, required resources beyond our control. We had to leave his theory untested for the time being.
There was also Russell Shipp, who was sure he could move small objects with his mind. We agreed to investigate his claim, and invited him to drop by to demonstrate his proposal. This is one part of our procedure we emphasize. Before we get involved in a formal test we always ask claimants to show us their stuff. This, we are sure, will save everybody a lot of hassle in the long run if there turns out to be nothing to show.
Anyhow, Mr. Shipp showed up and tried mightily. But to no avail. We saw nothing happening as he attempted to control a compact disk suspended by sewing thread. Even Mr. Shipp agreed at the time that things were not working. That was last year. More recently we received the following e-mail (it always seems to start with an e-mail out of the blue):
I have an interesting test for your group. Please call or e-mail for details.
We were naturally interested, and we invited Mr. Nichols to drop by. He came to our February meeting, even though we were snowed out of our meeting place, and we all had to huddle together inside a fast food place on Live Oak Street.
What Mr. Nichols had to show us was a substance that, when applied to the outside of a beverage container, would improve the taste of the beverage inside.
Even we skeptics had to agree that this was, indeed, a paranormal claim. We eagerly looked forward to the opportunity to see this miracle performed under controlled conditions.
Oops! That was the sticker. We wanted, as we always do, to completely control the test in a manner that would eliminate testing bias or even, gasp, trickery.
For example, I have the opinion that if somebody sees a magical substance applied to the outside of his drink container, that person might, just might, perceive a difference in taste. I would naturally insist that the test involve tasters who were required to sip identical drinks from identical containers without knowing which container had been so treated.
We are sorry to report that our insistence on these minor details eventually led to a complete breakdown in the negotiations between us and Mr. Nichols (and his partner, Mr. Willis). To make a long story short, Nichols and Willis told us in no uncertain terms what we could do with our challenge. More specifically, we received a final e-mail:
I guess I have to talk to you like you’re a moron. Either you and your buddies can’t read, won’t read, are stupid, ignorant, or all of the above.
When you get the information we want to us, we can talk. When you are ready to comply with our demands, requests and concerns about the fairness of your so-called “Challenge”, we can talk.
I won’t print the rest of their dispatch here, because they became rather rude a few sentences later. However, you can read all the e-mail exchange on the NTS Web site. Here is the URL:
A note: To the displeasure of some of the claimants, we state up front that both parties to the NTS Challenge can use correspondence, recordings, etc., as they see fit. That means we can publish the e-mails, written correspondence, test results, and photos, and so can they. And we do.
The only time I will make an exception about publication is when we believe a claimant is mentally unstable or otherwise not legally responsible for his actions. This includes minors, as well. On at least one occasion, for example, I got well into an e-mail dialog with a claimant before I began to doubt the maturity of my correspondent. I did a quick check to confirm I was working with an adult.
Anyhow, here we stand. The $10,000 is still in the bank, and I continue to watch my e-mail inbox. Somewhere out there may be that miracle worker who can really walk through walls (as one person claimed) or who can predict world events from his dreams (as another proposed).
Some, of course, have fretted that we are being unfair. We make the prize impossible to win. To this I have to say, it’s not we who make it impossible. It’s the laws of nature. We believe the problem lies with people who believe the laws of nature can be violated, and they can do it.
For some, addressing the issue through our challenge is like a dash of cold water. “Wow! Is that what reality is like?”
For others we will always be considered charlatans and cheats. To those people I can only mention that we state the conditions up front. Put up your own money and set your own conditions.
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William McEwen contacted us about giving a talk for the seniors outreach group at Methodist Charlton Medical Center on Wheatland Road. The matter of John Edward and his Crossing Over show seemed like a good topic, and we agreed on that.
So it came to pass that a bright Thursday morning found me in the Medical Center auditorium facing an audience not that much older than I am.
First I had to report the bad news. My most recent e-mail on the topic indicates the SciFi Channel has canceled Edward’s program. However, I doubt this situation will last. If you have ever watched John Edward recover from a series of sorry audience responses you will share this doubt, as well.
Of course, skill at cold reading is a mainstay for performers like John Edward, but, as skeptical writer Joe Nickell has pointed out, hot reading makes a bigger hit. An article in Time magazine noted that prior to a show, the Crossing Over program staff were busy mining the studio audience for personal information. Little wonder that Mr. Edward subsequently exhibited an amazing grasp of that information.
My talk also dug into the history of spiritualism, from its origins in America in 1849 with the Fox sisters to later actors in the drama, such as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Harry Houdini. I also touched on James Van Praagh and Sylvia Browne, two others currently making the TV circuit in the same style as John Edward.
We had an open discussion following the talk-on the issue of TV psychics and on general skeptical matters, as well. The audience was a healthy mix of attitudes-from the generally skeptical to more credulous. I even met a Carl Baugh fan. All in a day for the life of a skeptic.
People needing a real skeptic for a serious talk or just to liven up a party can contact the NTS. We can’t promise the same polish as John Edward, but our price is right. John Blanton
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The proposed disclaimer describes evolution as “a controversial theory which some scientists present as scientific explanation for the origin of living things” and “the unproven belief that random, undirected forces produced a world of living things.” It also states that “No one was present when life first appeared on earth. Therefore, any statement about life’s origins should be reconsidered as theory, not fact.”
Bill Graves (R-Oklahoma City), who proposed the disclaimer amendment to HB 2194, was quoted by reporter Sean Murphy in the Claremore Daily Progress as objecting to textbooks that portray evolution as a scientific fact. “I think it’s very important for children to know ... If they just believe that they came from some slime in a swamp that’s a whole lot different from being created in the image of God.”
HB 2194 is now being considered by the Oklahoma Senate Committee on Education. See the longer story on NCSE’s web site:
Contributed by Glenn Branch, Deputy Director National Center for Science Education, Inc.
Katie Menzer of The Dallas Morning News reported on a weekend conference of the Society of Dowsers’ North Central Tejas chapter.
“It’s very interesting how people choose to use it,” said Sue Leibold, a longtime dowser and an organizer of the biennial conference that’s been held in Dallas since the 1980s. It included lectures and workshops on spiritual dowsing, dowsing and landscaping, dowsing for gold, self-empowerment through dowsing and using dowsing for water purification.
Menzer reported that 40 dowsers showed up for a daylong class. Tools included “the L-rod, Y-rod, pendulum and others.” Dowsers came from Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Australia.
Newcomers could discover the various pitfalls waiting for an unwary dowser. “’Thought forms’ – bundles of energy that can exist anywhere – often lead a dowser astray. Wind is also a factor.”
One participant, a Mr. Blais had faced the problem of buying a music CD for a friend. “I didn’t know which album to get, so I used my pendulum,” he said. Mr. Blais said. He was able to get exactly the CD his friend wanted. One of the organizers was our old friend Bette Epstein. “’Dowsing is like a sixth sense,’ Ms. Epstein said Sunday. ‘Anybody can do it.’” Readers will recall we first encountered Epstein back in 1992 when she boasted to us she could dowse maps to fine lost or otherwise missing items. For a while we thought we had our first claimant for the North Texas Skeptics Paranormal Challenge. Too bad for us, Epstein considered our monetary offer insulting. Check out the mail exchange at the following URLs:
Shiv Kumaar, Mumbai, reports in the 14 February on-line India News. The Catholic church did not approve, but thousands of Christians thronged to one of faith healer Benny Hinn’s shindigs.
“We have made arrangements for 500,000 people though the numbers could be much higher,” says organiser Gul Kripalani. Others say a million people are expected to attend the meet at the Bandra-Kurla complex in suburban Mumbai on Sunday.
Organizers chartered over 200 buses to transport people in for the fleecing. Even Cardinal Ivan Dias was unable to warn away the faithful Catholics. Many came to be healed.
Like other preachers, Hinn will “heal the sick”. A special enclosure has been erected for the sick and needy near the stage where Hinn will hold forth.
People suffering from ailments such as arthritis, asthma, back pain and neck pain will be “cured”.
Though rationalist groups have questioned the efficacy of such “healers”, those with ailments continue to attend such meets in large numbers.
Thirty-two large video screens were set up so everybody could see and hear the amazing Mr. Hinn.
A story by Laura Diamond in The Atlanta Journal-Constitution follows up on the attempt to delete “evolution” from Georgia’s science curriculum.
Some feared that the big-bang theory – the dominant scientific theory about the origins of the universe – would be absent.
Their fears were well founded.
Not only was the big bang gone, but plate tectonics had taken a washing. It would seem that creationists feel plate tectonics provides too much proof for an old Earth and evolution.
Concepts like the big bang, evolution and plate tectonics can be controversial in some circles because they offer scientific explanations of how the world began that don’t correspond with some religious beliefs about how God created the universe, Earth and humans.
Associate professor of biology Sarah Pallas at Georgia State University noted there was an attempt to remove anything that might discomfort the creationists.
“Intelligent design” theory will be heard in classroom, reports Leo Shane of the Mansfield News Journal in Ohio.
After getting overwhelming support from the state Board of Education, evolution criticisms backed by religious groups will stay in the state’s model curriculum for high school science classes.
By a 13-4 vote Tuesday, the board gave preliminary approval to the science model teaching guide. It includes a chapter titled “Critical analysis of evolution” that recommends 10th-graders debate several common critiques of the theory.
Supporters deny any connection with “intelligent design,” but opponents say the arguments smack of intelligent design teachings.
Biology teacher Bryan McClelland doesn’t like school boards calling the shots on selected pieces of the curriculum. “’In a science classroom, we really need to be sure what we’re teaching is science,’ he said.”
It’s big business. “Millions of people are spending billions of dollars every year on complementary and alternative medicine.”
But right now, many alternative therapies that claim to work have never been tested or proved. Dr. Stephen E. Straus, director of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine at the National Institutes of Health, wants to put these practices through the best testing available so the public can then reap the benefits of those products and procedures that pass the tests.
Straus has published a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association stressing “the importance of studying complementary and alternative treatments and how to make sure that the research is ethical.”
Darrin M. McMahon writes “Conspiracy theory was born in the Age of Enlightenment and has metastasized in the Age of the Internet. Why won’t it go away?”
Howard Dean speculates on National Public Radio that George W. Bush may have been warned of 9/11 “ahead of time by the Saudis.” University professors imply with an air of sophistication that the war in Iraq was a plot to fill contracts for Halliburton. Radio shock-jocks rant against the machinations of the United Nations and the “New World Order.” And the conservative pundit Ann Coulter makes the rounds of the talk shows with a book, Treason, built on the claim that the vilification of Joseph McCarthy was the “greatest Orwellian fraud of our time.” The man who warned famously of a “great conspiracy” of communists, it seems, was himself the victim of a plot by “liberals” to blacken his good name.
Hillary Clinton may have given up her talk about the “vast right-wing conspiracy.” But there are plenty of others on both sides of the political divide anxious to continue the conversation. In today’s popular culture and even the elite media, plots lurk behind every door.
The deaths of Princess Diana and Dodi Fayed will not die as conspiracy theoretists continue to fuel “ongoing speculation that the couple was murdered in a secret plot.” Even the NTS has a section of its Web site devoted to selling conspiracy theory books (through Amazon.com).
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Political science: scientific integrity in the administration.
A statement issued Wednesday by a group of prominent scientists charged the administration with manipulating the science advisory process to support its political objectives: advisory panels are stacked; those that can’t be stacked are disbanded; reports that don’t reach the right conclusion are suppressed; and questionable policies are shielded from scientific review. Specific examples are in a report from the Union of Concerned Scientists, released at the same time, “Scientific Integrity in Policymaking: An Investigation into the Bush Administration’s Misuse of Science.” The statement was signed by more than 60 prominent scientists, including 20 Nobel laureates. The administration response was to trivialize the issue. “I think there are incidents where people have got their feathers ruffled,” sniffed John Marburger, science advisor to the President, quoted by the New York Times.
Primary scoop: “all the news that’s fit to print” – and more.
Like other Americans, we at What’s New follow the Presidential Primaries closely. But where could we turn to get beyond campaign rhetoric to the very character of the candidates? The New York Times, of course, the venerable “gray lady” of newspapers. We hear they’ve had some problems at the Times lately, but they sure scooped the competition with this one. It was on the op-ed page, which is not easy to get on. “The Stars Have Voted” by Erin Sullivan, relies on astrological charts of Democratic candidates. Did you know you can learn all about people if you just know their birthdays? It turns out the paper, then called the Daily Times, began on 18 Sep 1851. That makes the New York Times a Virgo, the only zodiacal sign represented by a woman. She is somewhat older and intelligent, but she can be rather pedantic and spinsterish. Yeah, that’s the New York Times all right. But what if it’s not true that a person’s character is determined by their birth date? Wouldn’t that mean the story was made up?
Creationism: “monkeys-to-man sort of thing” is under attack.
Guidelines proposed for science classes in Georgia omitted the word “evolution.” After the Atlanta Journal-Constitution published an article about the proposed changes, the state’s superintendent of schools, Kathy Cox explained that evolution is “a buzz word that causes a lot of negative reaction.” It was replaced with “changes over time.” But by Thursday, following a flood of criticism, she was recommending “evolution” be restored. Former President Jimmy Carter had said that he was embarrassed for the state. Governor Sonny Perdue said restoring the word “evolution” was “the right thing to do.” Meanwhile in Ohio, creationists are again seeking to force their religious views into public school classrooms, this time through the back door. Lesson plans up for approval at an Ohio Board of Education meeting on Monday and Tuesday include intelligent design, as well as young-Earth creationism. The cases in Georgia and Ohio once again make it clear that for science education to remain free of religious dictates, we must stay informed and organized.
Bob Park can be reached via email at email@example.com
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I quote from the Observer‘s on-line notice at http://www.dallasobserver.com/issues/2003-09-25/bestculture21.html/1/index.html:
Don’t get us wrong. We like UFO stuff and The Lost City of Atlantis and health supplements and crop circles and magnetic shoe arches and secret government experiments. This is the stuff of life, the fruit of the twisted imagination. We just have a difficult time taking it in its raw, unadulterated form. When filtered through the monthly debunking machine of this sharply edited newsletter, though, it’s perfect. We get our Face on Mars cake and a list of the bizarre ingredients, too. It’s like reading Hollywood gossip crunched and analyzed by The New York Times. Brought to you by the fine minds of the North Texas Skeptics club, the newsletter features short items and long essays written by an array of local physicians, scientists and academics. Of course, you have to join to get it or, like us, pretend you are a member of the Fourth Estate. For details, visit their Web site at www.ntskeptics.org.
Really, you don’t have to join to get it. Many get The North Texas Skeptic for free (it’s whom you know), including some at the Observer and the News. And, you can always read it on-line for free at http://www.ntskeptics.org/past.htm. A number of writers, both within and without the NTS, contribute “some of the news that’s fit to print,” and editor Keith Blanton pulls it all together each month. Skeptics, it wouldn’t be possible without your support. You are much appreciated.
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